On April 13, 2021 we’re going to celebrate Ugadi which is a new year’s day for the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Gudhipadwa for Maharastra and konakani Hindus.
Let us go through the significance of these festivals
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How the Name of the festival derived:
The name Yugadi or Ugadi is derived from the Sanskrit words yuga (age) and ādi (beginning): “the beginning of a new age”. The Kannadiga people use the term Yugadi (ಯುಗಾದಿ) and the Telugu people use the term Ugadi (ఉగాది) for this festival.
Gudhi Padwa .The word padava or padavo comes from the Sanskrit word pratipada which refers to the first day of a lunar fortnight.
Significance and Preparations:
- Yugadi or Ugadi falls on “Chaitra Shudhdha Paadyami” or the first day of the bright half of the Indian month of Chaitra. This generally falls in late March or early April of the Gregorian calendar.
The day is observed by drawing colourful patterns on the floor called Muggulu( Kannada: Rangoli ) mango leaf decorations on doors called torana (kannada : torana,Telugu: Toranalu ), buying and giving gifts such as new clothes, giving charity to the poor, special bath followed by oil treatment, preparing and sharing a special food called pachadi, and visiting Hindu temples.
The pachadi is a notable festive food that combines all flavors – sweet, sour, salty, bitter, astringent and spicy. In Telugu and Kannada Hindu traditions, it is a symbolic reminder that one must expect all flavors of experiences in the coming new year and make the most of them.
Gudhi Padva is celebrated in and near Maharashtra and Goa on the first day of the Chaitra month to mark the beginning of the New year according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar.
This festival signifies the arrival of spring and to the reaping of Rabi crops. The festival is linked to the mythical day on which god Brahma created time and universe.
The festival is observed with colourful floor decorations called rangoli, a special Gudhi flag (garlanded with flowers, mango and neem leaves, topped with upturned silver or copper vessel), street processions, dancing and festive foods
A notable sight during Gudhi Padwa are the numerous Gudhi (or Gudhi) arrangements at every household. It is a bright colourful silk scarf-like cloth tied at the top of a long bamboo. On top of it, one or more boughs of neem leaves and mango leaves are attached along with a garland of flowers. This arrangement is capped with a silver, bronze or copper pot (handi or kalash) signifying victory or achievement. The whole arrangement is hoisted outside each household, typically to the right, or through a window or terrace. It is visible to everybody. Villages or neighbourhoods also come together and host a community Gudhi Kavad, which they carry together to the local Shiva temple.
During this festival, we celebrates victory of Maratha warriors in processions.
• It symbolises the victory of King Shalivahana and was hoisted by his people when he returned to Paithan.
• Gudhi symbolises the Brahmadhvaj (translation: Brahma’s flag) mentioned in the Brahma Purana, because Lord Brahma created the universe on this day. It may also represent Indradhvaj (translation: the flag of Indra).
• Historically, the Gudhi symbolises Lord Rama’s victory and happiness on returning to Ayodhya after slaying Ravana. Since a symbol of victory is always held high, so is the gudhi (flag). It is believed that this festival is celebrated to commemorate the coronation of Rama post his return to Ayodhya after completing 14 years of exile.
• Gudhi is believed to ward off evil, invite prosperity and good luck into the house.
How can we include kids:
-We can ask the kids to colour the rangoli.
-Take your kids along with you while going out for festival shopping, so they knows what are things needed to celebrate the festival.
-Include them while decorating the house and while hanging thoranas(Mango leaves)
-While preparing the pachadi, explain the significance of each item and what it symbolizes.
-Let them help in you in preparing Gudhi
-Ask kids to get ingredients for Ugadi Pachadi. For this activity I chose a scavenger hunt to find out all the Pachadi ingredients at home and give it to Super D’s grandma. We used the below template for scavenger hunt.
Gudhi Padwa sloka:
Ugadi – Gudhi Padwa worksheets for kids, preschoolers
I prepared Ugadi-Gudi Padwa worksheet for my son covering topics of counting, sorting, matching, phonics, sequencing & visual discrimination. This worksheet is ideal for kids starting 2.5 years old.
We loved our Ugadi theme, learned a lot & the fun thing was my son trying to taste the 6 flavors of Ugadi Pachadi. I hope you guys have lots of fun doing Ugadi craft & worksheets. If you have any queries please do comment. Don’t forget to share your fun with us.
From our Family to Yours, a very Happy and Blessed Ugadi/Gudi Padwa to you! May prosperity, happiness, abundance and humility be your friends.